This cause area focuses on interventions that prevent and alleviate extreme poverty. Recent estimates suggest that more 760 million people live in extreme poverty. This means they live on less than $1.90 USD per day and struggle to meet the costs of our most basic needs such as food, water, shelter and clothing. But while this is a tragically high figure, poverty relief and economic growth have made enormous progress in the last two and a half decades, moving nearly 1.1 billion people out of extreme poverty.
Alleviating poverty is complex, but it is also possible, and it can be extremely cost-effective. Extreme poverty can be addressed either directly or indirectly. One of the most effective approaches is to improve global health by eliminating or reducing health problems caused by easily preventable diseases. Doing so not only saves lives, but is correlated with increased years in schooling and thus with higher incomes in the long run. Some of the most promising global health interventions focus on malaria prevention, deworming, cash transfers, and micronutrient fortification.
We especially recommend the Against Malaria Foundation and Schistosomiasis Control Initiative, not only because they focus on the most promising health interventions, but because their programs are empirically proven to work.